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Composer: Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek (1810-1849)

April 2019
Evening performance
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HannoverRachel Cheung - Nachwuchspianistin

© Jeremy Enlow
Franck, Chopin, Schubert
Rachel Cheung, Piano

CardiffBeatrice Rana

© Nicholas Bets
Chopin, Ravel, Stravinsky
Beatrice Rana, Piano

LondonChopin and Champagne - Concert 7 - Barcarolle, Ballade No.3 | Warren Mailley-Smith (piano)

Chopin and Champagne - Concert 7 - Barcarolle, Ballade No.3 | Warren Mailley-Smith (piano)
Warren Mailley-Smith, Piano

RavelloAlessandro Capone piano recital

Alessandro Capone piano recital
Beethoven, Haydn, Chopin
Alessandro Capone, Piano

LondonTomasz Lis recital

Tomasz Lis recital
Mozart, Bach, Chopin
Tomasz Lis, Piano
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Franck’s Aeolian winds usher in Saint-Säens and Elgar to Belfast

Louis Schwizgebel © Marco Borggreve
Ulster Orchestra’s Principal Guest Conductor Jac van Steen returns to lead an outstanding evening, culminating in Elgar’s First Symphony. Louis Schwizgebel impresses in Saint-Saens’ Fifth Piano Concerto. 
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A Grand Master returns: Maurizio Pollini at the Royal Festival Hall

Maurizio Pollini © Mathias Bothor | DG
Pollini's love for Chopin and Debussy was evident throughout an intimate recital as part of the Southbank Centre's in the International Piano Series.
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Young pianists dazzle in Cleveland

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Ravel’s playful sound worlds with Alice Sara Ott

Alice Sara Ott © Esther Haase | Deutsche Grammophon
In which Santtu-Matias Rouvali and the Gothenburg Symphony seek out a contrast with the dark sound colours of Sibelius.
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The Lady of the Camellias lives again in Missouri

Danielle Bausinger and Dillon Malinski in KCB's The Lady of the Camellias © Brett Pruitt & East Market Studios
Kansas City Ballet premieres Val Caniparoli and Robert de la Rose's Impressionistic ballet
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Delicate, refined, passionate, emotive, romantic. Many music lovers consider Chopin's piano works to be the very greatest of all music written for the instrument. It's certainly distinctive: you can listen to an awful lot of music from the same period and be in no doubt whatsoever when you hear Chopin. 

A large part of the effect comes from Chopin's talent for melody. In every generation, just a few composers have the talent for writing tune after tune that sticks in your memory as soon as you've heard it, and Chopin was certainly one of them. But what makes him special is his ability to wrap intricate tracery around his melodies and to surprise you repeatedly with shifts of key and rhythm while always putting across a feeling that every note is in the right place. Perhaps the best descriptions come from the Paris Revue Musicale, which described the 22-year old Chopin as a young man who had found “an extravagance of original ideas that are unexampled anywhere” and from Robert Schumann, who found in his music the sound of “cannon concealed amid blossoms”.

Chopin was a less versatile composer than most of the greats with whom he is frequently and fairly bracketed. There is a handful of chamber pieces and orchestral works and a few songs, none of them massively distinguished. Through and through, Chopin was a salon composer: he wrote piano music to be played in the living rooms of the rich. And within that compass, he was matchless.

Part of Chopin's unique sound comes from a unique background. Born Fryderyk Franciszek to a Frenchman settled in Poland, he became an ardent Polish nationalist Polishness and is treated as one of the great men of Polish history. By the time he was eleven, the young Chopin was already acclaimed as a great pianist and had played for the Tsar of Russia at the opening of the Polish parliament; at twenty, he set off to make his fortune in Western Europe. Just 27 days after he left, the Poles rebelled against the rule of Russia in the November uprising, a rebellion which was crushed the following year, leaving Chopin distraught and providing the creative impulse for one of his most famous works, the “Revolutionary” Etude (Op.10 no.12). He suffered from ill health throughout his life.

Chopin settled in Paris, where he became “Frédéric-François”, the name by which he is best known in English-speaking countries today, although he never learnt French perfectly. He enjoyed great concert success, but became aware that his style of playing was not suited to larger concert halls, preferring to play at his home or in salons, often on his much beloved Pleyel pianos.

In 1848, Chopin’s life was transformed by revolution once again, as the French nobility who formed his clientèle fled Paris, leaving him without income and in sharply deteriorated health. His last concert was in London in November that year: an ill-fated benefit concert for Polish refugees (no-one knows what was played since he could not be heard above the chatter of the social occasion). He died a year later in Paris, with his sister Ludwika, who had given him his first piano lessons, at his bedside.

Every lover of Chopin has their own favourite works and their own favourite performers: his music seems to lend itself to an extraordinary variety of performance styles, with endless argument possible about tempos, rubato, accenting and many other features of a performance.

Famous interpreters of the past include Artur Rubinstein, Vladimir Horowitz, Claudio Arrau and my personal favourite, the Romanian Dinu Lipatti. A “must have” play-list would include the Etudes, the Waltzes, the Preludes, the Ballades (a form that Chopin invented), and several of the Polonaises and Mazurkas. Also unforgettable are the Fantaisie-Impromptu in C sharp minor, Op. posth. 66, the Barcarolle in F sharp (a transcendent, lilting Venetian boating song) and the B flat minor Piano Sonata with its famous funeral march whose glorious gift is to uplift one’s spirits in the face of death.

David Karlin
18th December 2009

List of works
12 Etudes, Op.1012 Etudes, Op.252 Nocturnes, Op.272 Polonaises, Op.4024 Preludes, Op.283 Mazurkas, Op.503 Mazurkas, Op.633 Waltzes, Op.644 Mazurkas, Op.65 Mazurkas, Op.17A Month in the CountryAndante spianato et Grande Polonaise brillante, Op.22Ballade no. 1 in G minor, Op.23Ballade no. 2 in F major, Op.38Ballade no. 3 in A flat major, Op.47Ballade no. 4 in F minor, Op.52Barcarolle in F sharp major, Op.60Berceuse in D flat major, Op.57Bolero, Op.19Cello Sonata in G minor, Op.65Complete 4 Ballades Op.23, Op.38, Op.47, Op.52Dances at a GatheringEtude in C sharp minor, Op.25 no.7Etude in E flat minor, Op.10 no.6Fantasia in A major on Polish Airs, Op.13Fantasy in F minor, Op.49Fugue in A minor, KK14 c/2Impromptu Fantasie in C sharp minor, Op.66Impromptu in A flat major, Op.29Impromptu in F sharp major, Op.36Introduction and Polonaise Brillante in C major for cello and piano, Op.3La Dame aux caméliasMazurka in A flat major, Op.41 no.4Mazurka in A flat major, Op.50 no.2Mazurka in A minor, Op.17 no.4Mazurka in A minor, Op.67 no.4Mazurka in A minor, Op.68 no.2Mazurka in B flat Major (1832)Mazurka in B flat minor, Op.24 no.4Mazurka in B flat minor, Op.7 no.1Mazurka in B minor, Op.30 no.2Mazurka in B minor, Op.33 no.4Mazurka in C major, Op.56 no.2Mazurka in C major, Op.67 no.3Mazurka in C major, Op.68 no.1Mazurka in C minor, Op.30 no.1Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op.50 no.3Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op.6 no.2Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op.63 no.3Mazurka in D major, Op.33 no.2Mazurka in E flat minor, Op.6 no.4Mazurka in F major, Op.68 no.3Mazurka in F minor, Op.63 no.2Mazurka in F minor, Op.7 no.3Mazurka in G major, Op.50 no.1Mazurka in G minor, Op.67 no.2MazurkasMelodia (elegy) in G major, Op.74 no.9Nocturne no. 1 in B flat minor, Op.9 no.1Nocturne no. 10 in A flat major, Op.32 no.2Nocturne no. 12 in G major, Op.37 no.2Nocturne no. 13 in C minor, Op.48 no.1Nocturne no. 14 in F sharp minor, Op.48 no.2Nocturne no. 15 in F minor, Op.55 no.1Nocturne no. 16 in E flat major, Op.55 no.2Nocturne no. 18 in E major, Op.62 no.2Nocturne no. 19 in E minor, Op.72 no.1Nocturne no. 2 in E flat major, Op.9 no.2Nocturne no. 21 in C minor (posthumous)Nocturne no. 3 in B major, Op.9 no.3Nocturne no. 4 in F major, Op.15 no.1Nocturne no. 8 in D flat major, Op.27 no.2Nocturnes, Op.9Nocturnes: selectionPiano Concerto no. 1 in E minor, Op.11Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor, Op.21Piano Sonata no. 2 in B flat minor 'Funeral March', Op.35Piano Sonata no. 3 in B minor, Op.58Piano Sonata no. 3 in B minor, Op.58: Presto, non tantoPiano sonata no. 2 in B flat minor (funeral march), Op.35: Marche funèbrePiosnka litewska (a Lithuanian song) in F major, Op.74 no.16Polonaise Brillante, Op.3Polonaise no. 1 in C sharp minor, Op.26 no.1Polonaise no. 15 in G sharp minor, Op. posthPolonaise no. 5 in F sharp minor, Op.44Polonaise no. 6 in A flat major, "Heroic," Op.53Polonaise no. 7 in A flat major "Polonaise-fantaisie", Op.61Polonaise no. 9 in B flat major, Op.71 no.2Polonaises, Op.26Prelude in A flat major, (Presto con leggerezza), Op. posthPrelude in A flat major, Op.28 no.17Prelude in A major, Op.28 no.7Prelude in C sharp minor, Op.45Prelude in E minor, Op.28 no.4Scherzo no. 1 in B minor, Op.20Scherzo no. 2 in B flat minor, Op.31Scherzo no. 3 in C sharp minor, Op.39Scherzo no. 4 in E major, Op.54Sliczny chlopiec (the handsome lad) in D major, Op.74 no.8Tarantella in A flat major, Op.43Three Mazurkas, Op.59Trio in G minor for piano, violin and cello, Op.8Two Nocturnes, Op.55Two Nocturnes, Op.62Variations brillantes in B flat major on "je vends des scapulaires", Op.12Variations in B flat major on "la ci darem la mano" for piano and orchestra, Op.2Waltz in A Minor "Grande Valse Brillante", Op.34 no.2Waltz in A flat major "Valse Brillante", Op.34 no.1Waltz in F major "Grande Valse Brillante", Op.34 no.3Waltz no. 1 in E flat major "Grande Valse Brillante", Op.18Waltz no. 10 in B minor, Op.69 no.2Waltz no. 12 in F minor, Op.70 no.2Waltz no. 13 in D flat major, Op.70 no.3Waltz no. 7 in C sharp minor, Op.64 no.2Waltz no. 8 in A flat major, Op.64 no.3Waltz no. 9 in A flat major "L'Adieu", Op.69 no.1Waltzes, Op.69Wiosna (spring song) in G minor, Op.74 no.2Wojak (the warrior) in A flat major, Op.74 no.10Zyczenie (a young girl's wish) in G major, Op.74 no.1les quatre Impromptus