Installation 1023; git branch: master
Our privacy policy was last updated on Monday 24 June 2019View it hereDismiss
Sign in
Bachtrack logo
Home
What's on
Reviews
Articles
Video
Site
EventsReviewsArticles
Flag of Austria

Composer: Haydn, Joseph (1732-1809)

Find classical music concert, opera, ballet and dance listings | Haydn
November 2019
MonTueWedThuFriSatSun
28293031010203
04050607080910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293001
02030405060708
Evening performance
Matinee performance
Upcoming eventsSee more...

IlminsterRuisi Quartet

© Rémi Rière
Britten, Haydn, Mendelssohn
Ruisi Quartet

EdinburghVivaldi - The Four Seasons by Candlelight

Vivaldi - The Four Seasons by Candlelight
Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Bach C.P.E., Vivaldi
London Concertante

KyotoTakemitsu, Haydn, Stravinsky

Takemitsu, Haydn, Stravinsky
Takemitsu, Haydn, Stravinsky
Kyoto Symphony Orchestra; Sylvain Cambreling

MunichResidenz Serenade

Bach, Vivaldi, Handel, Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, Schubert
Munich Residenz Solisten

LondonViktoria Mullova: Bach & Haydn

Viktoria Mullova: Bach & Haydn
Bach C.P.E., Bach, Haydn
Academy of Ancient Music; Richard Egarr; Viktoria Mullova; James Hall
Latest reviewsSee more...

Sir András Schiff dazzles with Montreal’s Orchestre Symphonique

Sir András Schiff and the OSM © Antoine Saito

Sir András Schiff performed Haydn and Beethoven concertos with the Orchestre Symphonique de Montreal and young assistant conductor Thomas Le Duc-Moreau rises to the challenge conducting Brahms.

****1
Read more

London Mozart Players delivers an elegant programme in Dublin

London Mozart Players © Sim Canetty-Clarke
The LMO deliver a lively account of Prokofiev’s “Classical” Symphony and Haydn’s last symphony while Shelley shines in Mozart’s Piano concerto no. 25.
****1
Read more

Grotesquery and cowhorns in Auckland

Vesa-Matti Leppänen, Håkan Hardenberger and HK Gruber with the NZSO © NZSO
It was an altogether riotous and highly enjoyable performance of a wacky work, one long overdue to be heard in this country.
****1
Read more

Tempestuous Mozart from the Australian Chamber Orchestra

Richard Tognetti © Gary Heery
This concert in the ACO's “Celebrating Mozart” season included two symphonies in G minor – by Haydn and Mozart – to bookend the evening. 
****1
Read more

George Li is a class act at the Tsinandali Festival

George Li © Tsinandali Festival
Chinese American Li, once another purveyor of typically scorching performances, is better known these days for his sensitivity and nuance. 
****1
Read more
Biography

Haydn, as Naxos puts it, is the subject of many paternity suits. Chamber music fans revere him as the father of the string quartet. He pioneered the a highly structured form of music where different instruments converse with each other. During the course of this conversation, the themes they play are transformed and developed, all the while training your ear to anticipate the pleasure of a return to the home key.

While Haydn didn't actually invent the term "symphony" (the word dates back at least to Gabrieli in 1597), his output of 104 symphonies transformed the genre and formed the base from which romantic and modern symphonies were derived.

Haydn did not have an easy life: the son of a wheelwright, he left the family home at six in the hope of a musical career via the church choir, from which he was unceremoniously dismissed when his voice broke. He was frequently hungry, and it was not until 1761 that he achieved stable employment with the Esterházy family, a job which was to last over thirty years.

In spite of his hard life and bouts of debilitating illness, his music is suffused with good humour, and he was respected by his contemporaries as a model of good character.

David Karlin, December 2008

Click here for a page of Haydn Trivia...


Biography of Haydn by the BBC's Terry Barfoot

Haydn trained as a choirboy at St Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna before embarking upon his long career. His first appointment was as music director at Lukavec, but financial problems soon closed Count Morzin’s orchestra and terminated this employment.

In 1761 Haydn entered the service of the Esterházy family, where he remained for thirty years. Beginning as Vice-Kapellmeister, he took over the leading position in 1766, succeeding Gregor Werner. In the early years of this service Haydn’s orchestra comprised at least six violins, three violas, three cellos and two double-basses, together with pairs of oboes and horns, with other instruments added occasionally.

His relationship with the Esterházy establishment, first at Eisenstadt and from 1767 at Esterháza (the new palace modelled on Versailles), enabled Haydn to view his isolation positively: "Cut off from the world, I was forced to become original." His development was crucial to the evolution of the classical style. While he did not invent the symphony or the string quartet, more than any other composer he guided these genres from infancy to maturity. It is hardly surprising that he inspired Mozart and other composers beyond.

The palace of Esterháza contained an opera house, and after 1777 opera became Haydn’s priority for several years. The "heroic-comic drama" Orlando paladino of 1782 gained an international reputation, with performances in Vienna and Prague. Mixing seria and buffa styles, dramatic recitatives and dazzling arias combine with comic characterisation; the bluff squire Pasquino even has a patter catalogue aria. Other fine operas include La vera constanza (True Constancy) and La fedeltà premiata (Loyalty Rewarded).

Haydn composed more than a hundred symphonies and was imaginatively independent, his works invariably having special personalities. Several begin with slow movements in ‘church sonata’ style, including No. 22, The Philosopher (1764) and No. 49, La Passione (1768). He also contributed to the expressive Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) style, in which emotional intensity reacted against the more superficial galant style, as for instance in Symphony No. 44, Trauer (1772). Meanwhile, Haydn became famous throughout Europe, and in 1785 he received a prestigious commission from "Le Concert de la Loge olympique". The resulting Paris Symphonies (Nos. 82-87) were his most ambitious and sophisticated to date.

In 1790 Prince Nikolaus died, and Haydn was allowed to leave. The impresario Johann Peter Salomon travelled in person to invite him to London. He accepted, and between 1791 and 1795 composed twelve symphonies, Nos. 93-104, which are his crowning achievement. His finales particularly are miracles of intellectual organisation, combining with music’s most pointed wit.

Haydn led the way in developing the string quartet. Towards the end of his life he told his publisher that his acknowledged quartets should begin with Opus 9 (1771), omitting the first eighteen compositions. There is close development of the music, rather than the easier entertainment style. He also claimed his Opus 33 quartets (1781) were written 'in a new and special way'. Although mere sales talk, the boast is justified by the music, which inspired Mozart to return to quartet writing with a series of compositions that he dedicated to Haydn. By now there was a sophisticated public who might perform and hear the music over and over again, whereas symphonies could seldom be repeated. The process of understanding a continuum of developing sounds was quite new, and it was why these years brought music of such lucidity.

The ‘Tost’ Quartets, Opus 54, 55 and 64, were composed for the Viennese merchant Johann Tost, who had worked at Esterháza. The boundaries between drawing room and concert room were disappearing, and the Opus 71 and Opus 74 use the same devices, including slow introductions, as the London symphonies. The final quartets came after Haydn’s return to Vienna. In 1797 the Opus 76 set was composed, two years before the two last completed quartets, Opus 77. How fitting that the same patron, Prince Lobkowitz, simultaneously commissioned the first quartets, Opus 18, of the young Beethoven.

The keyboard sonatas display a variety of forms and moods, as well as taxing the dexterity of the player. Haydn’s London visits yielded his finest sonatas, including the marvelous C major, whose opening Allegro is symphonic in scale and scope.

The trip to London, which included the experience of seeing the sea for the first time in his life, released a new flow of creativity from Haydn. Following his return to Vienna, he remained at the summit of his creative powers, in trios and quartets, the magnificent oratorios The Creation and The Seasons, and the six Masses for Princess Marie Josepha Hermenegild. His final years, however, brought the misfortune of ill health and little creative work was possible. He died in Vienna on 31st May 1809, aged 77.

© Terry Barfoot/BBC

List of works
Allegro di moltoArianna a Naxos, cantata, Hob XXVIb:2Berenice, che fai, Hob XXIVa:10, cantata for soprano & orchestraCello Concerto no. 1 in C major, Hob VIIb:1Cello Concerto no. 2 in D major, Hob VIIb:2Fantasia (Capriccio) in C major, Hob XVII:4Fidelity, Hob XXVIa:30Flute Trio no. 1 in C major, "London", Hob IV:1Il mondo della lunaKonzert für Orgel und Orchester Nr. 1 C-Dur Hob. XVIII:1L'Anima del Filosofo, Ossia Orfeo ed Euridice, Hob.XXVIII:13: overtureL'isola disabitata, Hob XXVIII:9L'isola disabitata, Hob XXVIII:9: overtureLe pescatrici: Già si vede i vezzi e vantiLo speziale (The apothecary): Caro Volpino amabileMarch for the Prince of Wales (Marsch für den Prinzen von Wales) Hob VIII:3Marie AntoinetteMass no. 11 in D Minor "Nelson Mass” or "Missa in Angustiis", Hob XXII:11Mass no. 13 in B flat major, "Creation Mass”, Hob XXII:13Mass no. 14 in B flat major, "Harmoniemesse”, Hob XXII:14Mass no. 6 in G major, "Missa Sancti Nicolai”, Hob XXII:6O tuneful voice, Hob.XXXVIa:42Oboe Concerto in C major, Hob VIIg:C1Organ Concerto in F MajorOrlando PaladinoOrlando Paladino: Aure chete, Verdi alloriPhilemon and Baucis: overture, Hob XXIXb:2Piano Concerto in C major, Hob XVIII:1Piano Concerto in D major, Hob XVIII:11Piano Sonata in A flat major, Hob XVI:46Piano Sonata in B minor, Hob XVI:32Piano Sonata in C major, Hob XVI:35Piano Sonata in C major, Hob XVI:48Piano Sonata in C major, Hob XVI:50Piano Sonata in C minor, Hob XVI:20Piano Sonata in C sharp minor, Hob XVI:36Piano Sonata in E flat major, Hob XVI:49Piano Sonata in E flat major, Hob XVI:52Piano Sonata in E minor Hob XVI:34Piano Sonata in F major, Hob XVI:23Piano Trio in E flat major, Hob XV:10Piano Trio in G major, "Gypsy Rondo," Hob XV:25Piano Trio no. 22 in A major, Hob XV:9Piano Trio no. 25 in E minor, Hob XV:12Piano Trio no. 40 in F sharp minor, Hob XV:26Piano Trio no. 41 in E flat minor, Hob XV:31Piano Trio no. 42 in E flat major, Hob XV:30Piano Trio no. 43 in C major, Hob XV:27Piano Trio no. 45 in E flat major, Hob XV:29Piano sonata in D major, Hob XVI:37Piercing Eyes, Hob.XXVIa:35Sailor´s song Hob XXVIa:31Scena di BereniceShe never told her love, Hob XXVIa:34Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major for oboe, bassoon, violin and cello, Hob I:105Sinfonie in D-Dur, Hob.I:86, „Pariser Sinfonie Nr. 5"Stabat Mater in G major, Hob XXbisString Quartet in G major, Op.81 No. 1, Hob III:81String Quartet no. 1 in B flat major "La chasse", Op.1 no. 1, Hob III:1String Quartet no. 11 in D minor, Op.9 no.4, Hob III:22String Quartet no. 23 in F minor, Op.20 no.5, Hob III:35String Quartet no. 25 in C major, Op.20 no.2, Hob III:32String Quartet no. 27 in D major, Op.20 no.4, Hob III:34String Quartet no. 29 in G major, Op.33 no.5, Hob III:41String Quartet no. 30 in E flat major "The Joke”, Op.33 no.2, Hob III:38String Quartet no. 31 in B minor, Op.33 no.1, Hob III:37String Quartet no. 32 in C major, "The Bird", Op.33 no.3, Hob III:39String Quartet no. 33 in D major, Op.33 no.6, Hob III:42String Quartet no. 37 in C major, Op.50 no.2, Hob III:45String Quartet no. 39 in F sharp minor, Op.50 no.4, Hob III:47String Quartet no. 40 in F major "Dream”, Op.50 no.5, Hob III:48String Quartet no. 41 in D "The Frog", Op.50 no.6,Hob III:49String Quartet no. 43 in G major, Op.54 no.1, Hob III:58String Quartet no. 44 in E major, Op.54 no.3, Hob III:59String Quartet no. 45 in A major, Op.55 no.1, Hob III:60String Quartet no. 49 in B minor, Op.64 no.2, Hob III:68String Quartet no. 50 in B flat, Op.64 no.3, Hob III:67String Quartet no. 53 in D major "The Lark”, Op.64 no.5, Hob III:63String Quartet no. 55 in D major, Op.71 no.2, Hob III:70String Quartet no. 60 in G major, Op.76 no.1, Hob III:75String Quartet no. 61 in D minor "Fifths," Op.76 no.2, Hob III:76String Quartet no. 62 in C major "The Emperor", Op.76 no.3, Hob III:77String Quartet no. 63 in B flat major "Sunrise," Op.76 no.4, Hob III:78String Quartet no. 64 in D major, Op.76 no. 5, Hob III:79String Quartet no. 67 in F major, Op.77 No.2, Hob III:82Symphony No. 85 in B flat major "La Reine"Symphony no. 1 in D majorSymphony no. 100 in G major "Military"Symphony no. 101 in D major "The Clock"Symphony no. 102 in B flat majorSymphony no. 103 in E flat major "Drumroll" (Paukenwirbel)Symphony no. 104 in D major "London"Symphony no. 12 in E majorSymphony no. 2 in C majorSymphony no. 22 in E flat major "The Philosopher"Symphony no. 24 in D majorSymphony no. 26 in D minor "Lamentatione"Symphony no. 27 in G majorSymphony no. 28 in A majorSymphony no. 38 in C major "Echo”Symphony no. 39 in G minorSymphony no. 4 in D majorSymphony no. 41 in C majorSymphony no. 43 in E flat "Mercury"Symphony no. 44 in E minor "Mourning" (Trauersymphonie)Symphony no. 45 in F sharp minor "Farewell”Symphony no. 46 in B majorSymphony no. 47 in G major "Palindrome”Symphony no. 49 in F minor "La Passione"Symphony no. 51 in B flat majorSymphony no. 52 in C minorSymphony no. 57 in D majorSymphony no. 58 in F majorSymphony no. 59 in A major "Fire Symphony"Symphony no. 60 in C major, "Il distratto",Symphony no. 61 in D majorSymphony no. 63 in C major "La Roxelane”Symphony no. 64 in A major "Tempora mutantur"Symphony no. 66 in B flat majorSymphony no. 69 in C major "Laudon”Symphony no. 7 in C major, "Le Midi"Symphony no. 70 in D majorSymphony no. 78 in C minorSymphony no. 8 in G major "Le Soir"Symphony no. 80 in D minorSymphony no. 82 in C major "The Bear”Symphony no. 83 in G minor "The Hen"Symphony no. 86 in D majorSymphony no. 87 in A majorSymphony no. 88 in G majorSymphony no. 89 in F majorSymphony no. 90 in C majorSymphony no. 91 in E flat majorSymphony no. 92 in G major "Oxford"Symphony no. 93 in D majorSymphony no. 94 in G major "Surprise"Symphony no. 95 in C minorSymphony no. 96 in D major, "Miracle"Symphony no. 97 in C majorSymphony no. 98 in B flat majorSymphony no. 99 in E flat majorTe Deum in C, for the Empress Marie ThereseThe Creation (Die Schöpfung), Hob XXI:2The Creation (Die Schöpfung), Hob XXI:2: Stimmt an die SaitenThe Creation (Die Schöpfung): Prelude, Representation of Chaos Hob XXI:2The Creation, HobXXI:2: Achieved is the glorious workThe Mermaid's song, Hob XXVIa:25The Seasons (Die Jahreszeiten) Hob XXI:3The Seven Last Words of Christ (choral version), Hob XX:2The Seven Last Words of Christ (for string quartet)The Seven Last Words of Christ (fortepiano version), Hob XX:1CThe Seven Last Words of Christ (orchestral version), Hob XXThe Seven Last Words of our Saviour of the Cross, Op.51Toy SymphonyTrumpet Concerto in E flat major, Hob VIIe:1 Variations in F minor "Sonata, un piccolo divertimento", Hob XVII:6Violin Concerto no. 1 in C major, Hob VIIa:1Violin Concerto no. 3 in A major, Hob VIIa:3Violin Concerto no. 4 in G major, Hob VIIa:4