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Obra: La traviata

Buscador de conciertos de música clásica, óperas, espectáculos de ballet y danza
Datos
CompositorVerdi, Giuseppe (1813-1901)
PeriodoRomántico
LibretistaFrancesco Maria Piave
Año1853
Tipo de obraOpera / Oratorio
Próximos eventosVer más...

EstocolmoLa traviata

La traviata
Verdi: La traviata
John Fiore; Ellen Lamm; Royal Swedish Opera; Daniela Musca; Magdalena Åberg; Ida Falk Winland

VienaLa traviataNew production

Verdi: La traviata
Giacomo Sagripanti; Simon Stone; Wiener Staatsoper; Robert Cousins; Alice Babidge; Pretty Yende; Frédéric Antoun

SídneyLa traviata on Sydney Harbour

Verdi: La traviata
Brian Castles-Onion; Constantine Costi; Opera Australia; Brian Thomson; Tess Schofield; John Rayment; Francesca Zambello

MúnichLa traviata

© Wilfried Hösl
Verdi: La traviata
Andrea Battistoni; Günter Krämer; Bayerische Staatsoper; Andreas Reinhardt; Carlo Diappi; Rosa Feola; Frédéric Antoun

BerlínLa traviata

Verdi: La traviata
Eun Sun Kim; Dieter Dorn; Staatsoper Berlin; Joanna Piestrzyńska; Moidele Bickel; Elsa Dreisig; Freddie De Tommaso
Últimas críticasVer más...

Una Traviata que lucha por sobrevivir en el Liceu

© A. Bofill | Gran Teatre del Liceu

Vuelve una producción firmada hace seis temporadas por David McVicar, robusta y sobria, pero con la muerte de Violetta anunciada por partida doble

La realidad como propuesta escénica. La traviata en el Teatro Real

Lisette Oropesa (Violetta) © Javier del Real | Teatro Real

En esta reapertura histórica, Lisette Oropesa ofrece una magnífica actuación, dramáticamente arrolladora y vocalmente muy singular.

Traviata-Chic en el Palau de les Arts de Valencia

Rebeka, Domingo y Tebar fueron los responsables de dotar de numerosos momentos de verdadero arte a una producción que parecía sentenciada a lo superficial.

La traviata de McVicar triunfa en Barcelona

El Liceu ha presentado una producción llena de alicientes, con un reparto equilibrado y una dirección efectiva, que cumplió con las expectativas y confirmó a Anita Hartig como una gran Violetta.

Una Traviata sin brillo en el Teatro Real

La rutina se apoderó del Real en la producción de La traviata, a pesar de los esfuerzos del barítono Juan Jesús Rodríguez.
Biography

Giuseppe Verdi’s La Traviata is the epitome of High Romantic Italian Opera. For some, that means it’s the stereotype of all opera: a tragic, romantic story set to bright lights and stirring, beautiful music, complete with a beautiful heroine who dies in the last act, slowly and tunefully.

Opera-haters may scoff at La Traviata and opera-lovers may smile benignly on its clichés, but one thing is clear: the opera is hugely, massively popular, with hundreds of performances in over a hundred productions every year. If you add the tourist-oriented performances that are found weekly or more in many cities in Italy, La Traviata is probably the single most-performed opera in the world: only Mozart’s Le Nozze di Figaro comes close. There’s something deep and important at work - or perhaps a combination of things.

First and foremost, La Traviata’s allure comes from the melodies in its many set piece arias. Act I numbers like the Brindisi, the showpiece drinking song, and Un Di Felice, in which our hero describes the happy day he met his beloved, bring gladness to the heart of the most cynical and detached of listeners: the opera contains a succession of these. Verdi also provides his leading soprano with plenty of opportunities for coloratura fireworks: runs, trills and high notes abound. Another part of the appeal is the glittering setting: smart drawing rooms of the beau monde of 1830s Paris are meat and drink to set and costume designers who can convey spectacular visions of the high life to which many operagoers aspire - or at least yearn for. If you are looking for an evening of beautiful spectacle and beautiful music, search no further than the Act II scene 2 divertissement: Flora Bervoix’s party brightened by a chorus of gypsies and Spanish bullfighters, followed by the high drama of Alfredo’s scene at the card tables.

Perhaps all this glitz and tunefulness makes it a little too easy to miss the point. Behind the glamour lies a savage attack on the sexual hypocrisy of the times. The opera is based on the Alexandre Dumas novel La Dame Aux Camélias, a fictionalised account of the life of courtesan Marie Duplessis and her love affairs with Dumas himself and the son of the Duc de Guiche. Both the novel and Francesco Maria Piave’s opera libretto rail against the grotesque immorality whereby rich men were expected to have mistresses from the “demi monde” but required to keep their liaisons secret to avoid any stain on their family name. Marie/Violetta’s death from tuberculosis, alone and discarded by the world, is a shocking indictment of the prevailing social norms of the day. The moral intent of the opera is clear to see for anyone who wishes it - but, if you prefer, easy to ignore.

In contrast to the première of Verdi and Piave’s earlier morality tale Rigoletto, Verdi considered the 1853 opening night of La Traviata’s to have been a “fiasco”. The story clearly shows the contradictions of the genre. Violetta’s death has become one of the clichés of opera: we are supposedly a watching a frail creature dying from a life-consuming illness - the Victorian name for tuberculosis was “consumption” - whereas what is often in front of us is a voluminously built soprano in an even more voluminous costume projecting a powerful voice to the back of the auditorium. Verdi was aware of the danger and requested that the role be recast from the overweight soprano Fanny Salvini-Donatelli: the management of La Fenice refused the request. In the event, Salvini-Donatelli received great praise, described as singing the coloratura passages “with an indescribable skill and perfection”. However, Dr. Grenville’s announcement in the third act that Violetta had only hours to live caused outbursts of laughter in the audience, much to Verdi’s discomfiture.

Those days are long forgotten by most: opera house managers can bank on La Traviata to fill their houses with its matchless and seductive combination of glittering setting, melodious music and virtuoso singing.

Notable recordings of La Traviata feature Joan Sutherland in 1962 at the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, with Carlo Bergonzi as Alfredo and Sir John Pritchard conducting and Maria Callas’s 1955 recording with Giuseppe di Stefano, conducted at La Scala by Carlo Maria Giulini. Angela Gheorghiu’s 1994 recording at Covent Garden is also well regarded, as is Ileana Cotrubas’s 1997 performance with Plácido Domingo.

Plácido Domingo and Lucia Popp signing the “Brindisi”:


Luciano Pavarotti showing outstanding vocal control singing “Un Di Felice” with Joan Sutherland in 1965:


And for something completely different: La Traviata performed in 2008 in Zürich railway station:

David Karlin
13th February 2010