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Composer: Béla Bartók

Rechercher des événements de musique classique, opéra et ballet
Fichier de données
Année de naissance1881
Année du décès1945
NationalitéHongrie
Époque20ème siècle
Béla Bartók
Biographie

Béla Bartók is one of the most important composers of the 20th century. He was also an accomplished pianist, teacher, as well as a collector and arranger of folk song from Hungary and other countries. Bartók's music talent became evident when he started playing the piano and composing at a very early age. In his early and academic years, he was influenced by the works of Brahms, Schumann and later Richard Strauss. Bartók's first acquaintance with Hungarian folklore was in 1904, after which he found his true musical identity, composing two string quartets, the one-act opera Duke Blue Bluebeard’s Caste, the ballets The Wooden Prince and The Miraculous Mandarin. His first two piano concertos were composed between 1926 and 1931, which were extensively performed by him at the piano. His fame as a composer and pianist grew, but he was more devoted to his folk-music studies and to developing his musical language. Until 1940, before moving to the USA, he wrote three quartets, the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta as well as the Sonata for two pianos and percussion. Bartók lived in the USA from 1940 until 1945, during which time he lectured and gave concerts. By commission from the Koussevitzky Foundation in 1943, here he composed one of his masterpieces, the Concerto for Orchestra. He died from leukaemia on 26 September 1945 in New York, leaving just a sketch of his Viola Concerto and his Third Piano Concerto missing just seventeen bars to completion.

Liste des oeuvres
14 Bagatelles, Op.644 Duos pour Deux Violons, Sz. 98, BB1046 Danses populaires roumaines, Sz 56Allegro Barbaro, Sz 49Annyi bánat (Folk songs)Concerto pour Orchestre, Sz 116Concerto pour alto, Sz 120Concerto pour piano no. 1, Sz 83Concerto pour piano no. 2 en sol majeur, Sz 95Concerto pour piano no. 3, Sz 119Concerto pour violon no. 1, Sz 36Concerto pour violon no. 2, Sz 112Contrastes, Sz 111Danse Suite, Sz. 77Danses populaires roumaines, Sz. 68Divertimento pour Cordes, Sz 113Hungarian Peasant Songs, Sz 100, BB 107Hungarian Sketches (Magyar képek) for orchestra, SZ 97Im Freien, five pieces for pianoLe Château de Barbe-BleueLe Mandarin merveilleux, Op.19, Sz 73Le Mandarin merveilleux, Op.19: suiteMusique pour Cordes, Percussions et Célesta, Sz 106Out of Doors suite, Sz 81: the night's music, no.4Piano Quartet in C minor Op.20Quatuor à cordes no. 1 en la mineur, Sz. 40, Op.7Quatuor à cordes no. 2 en la mineur, Sz. 67, Op.17Quatuor à cordes no. 3, Sz. 85Quatuor à cordes no. 4 en ut majeur, Sz. 91Quatuor à cordes no. 5 en si bémol majeur, Sz. 102Quatuor à cordes no. 6, Sz. 114Quintette avec pianoRhapsody No.1 for Violin and Orchestra, Sz.87Rhapsody no. 1 for violin and piano, Op.86Rhapsody no. 2 for violin and orchestra, Sz.90Sonate pour deux pianos et percussions, Sz. 110Sonate pour piano Sz 80Sonate pour piano et violon no. 1, Sz 75Sonate pour violon solo, BB 124, Sz 117Suite pour piano, Op.14The Wooden PrinceThe Wooden Prince, Op.13: Ballet suiteTrois Burlesques, Op.8c, Sz 47Two Portraits