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Composer: Vaughan Williams, Ralph (1872-1958)

Fact file
Year of birth1872
Year of death1958
NationalityUnited Kingdom
Period20th century
April 2019
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Evening performance
Matinee performance
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LondonGreat English Classics

Walton, Delius, Parry, Butterworth, Elgar, Handel, Rutter, Holst, Monk, Vaughan Williams
Philharmonia Orchestra; Hilary Davan Wetton; Thomas Gould; Alan Titchmarsh; City of London Choir

LondonMcCarthy, Vaughan Williams, Barber

McCarthy, Vaughan Williams, Barber
McCarthy, Vaughan Williams, Barber
London Orchestra da Camera; David Temple; Hertfordshire Chorus; Coldfall School Choir; Eagle House School Choir

LondonCecilia McDowall & Vaughan WilliamsWorld première

Vaughan Williams, Ravel, McDowall
Philharmonia Orchestra; Neil Ferris; Martin James Bartlett; Kate Royal; Roderick Williams; Wimbledon Choral Society

Saffron WaldenSir Bryn Terfel

Sir Bryn Terfel
Ireland, Vaughan Williams, Williams, Schumann, Schubert
Sir Bryn Terfel, Bass-baritone

GöttingenLand of Hope and Glory

Nicolai, Handel, Vaughan Williams, Elgar
Göttingen Symphony Orchestra; Nicholas Milton; Daniel Sepec; Kantorei St. Jacobi
Latest reviewsSee more...

Stunning concert of English music by BBC Phil

James Ehnes © Benjamin Ealovega
James Ehnes was an ideal soloist in Walton's Violin Concerto, well partnered by John Wilson and the BBC Philharmonic, with atmospheric Bax and a powerful Vaughan Williams 4.
****1
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Quintessentially English: Mark Wigglesworth and the RPO

Mark Wigglesworth © Sim Canetty-Clarke
Vaughan Williams' Fifth Symphony is given a great performance by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra at Cadogan Hall. 
*****
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Bleak polar landscapes evoked by The Hallé in Sinfonia Antartica

Sir Mark Elder © Benjamin Ealovega
Sir Mark Elder conducts The Hallé in Berlioz, Saint-Saëns with Stephen Hough and Vaughan Williams
****1
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To sleep perchance to dream? Sir Andrew Davis leads the BSO

John Harbison following the performance of his Second Symphony © Hilary Scott
John Harbison's Second Symphony takes the listener from Dawn to Darkness, while Vaughan Williams' Fifth offers “the similitude of a dream” in Boston. 
****1
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A smorgasbord of seasonal English music in Washington DC

The early music ensemble peppered its diverse program with the rollicking play A Christmas Messe. While not all arrangements worked well, expertise and emotion made for a pleasurably unique performance.
***11
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Biography

Vaughan Williams is arguably the greatest composer Britain has seen since the days of Henry Purcell. In a long and extensive career, he composed music notable for its power, nobility and expressiveness, representing, perhaps, the essence of 'Englishness'.

Vaughan Williams was born in 1872 in the Cotswold village of Down Ampney. He was educated at Charterhouse School, then Trinity College, Cambridge. Later he was a pupil of Stanford and Parry at the Royal College of Music after which he studied with Max Bruch in Berlin and Maurice Ravel in Paris.

At the turn of the century he was among the very first to travel into the countryside to collect folk-songs and carols from singers, notating them for future generations to enjoy. As musical editor of The English Hymnal he composed several hymns that are now world-wide favourites (For all the Saints, Come down O love Divine). Later he also helped to edit The Oxford Book of Carols, with similar success.

Vaughan Williams volunteered to serve in the Field Ambulance Service in Flanders for the 1914–1918 war, during which he was deeply affected by the carnage and the loss of close friends such as the composer George Butterworth.

Before the war he had met and then sustained a long and deep friendship with the composer Gustav Holst. For many years Vaughan Williams conducted and led the Leith Hill Music Festival, conducting Bach’s St Matthew Passion on a regular basis. He also became professor of composition at the Royal College of Music in London.

In his lifetime, Vaughan Williams eschewed all honours with the exception of the Order of Merit which was conferred upon him in 1938. He died in August 1958, his ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey, near Purcell.

In a long and productive life, music flowed from his creative pen in profusion. Hardly a musical genre was untouched or failed to be enriched by his work, which included nine symphonies, five operas, film music, ballet and stage music, several song cycles, church music and works for chorus and orchestra.

© Stephen Connock MBE
Vice President Ralph Vaughan Williams Society