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Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958)

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Biography
Vaughan Williams, Ralph

Vaughan Williams is arguably the greatest composer Britain has seen since the days of Henry Purcell. In a long and extensive career, he composed music notable for its power, nobility and expressiveness, representing, perhaps, the essence of 'Englishness'.

Vaughan Williams was born in 1872 in the Cotswold village of Down Ampney. He was educated at Charterhouse School, then Trinity College, Cambridge. Later he was a pupil of Stanford and Parry at the Royal College of Music after which he studied with Max Bruch in Berlin and Maurice Ravel in Paris.

At the turn of the century he was among the very first to travel into the countryside to collect folk-songs and carols from singers, notating them for future generations to enjoy. As musical editor of The English Hymnal he composed several hymns that are now world-wide favourites (For all the Saints, Come down O love Divine). Later he also helped to edit The Oxford Book of Carols, with similar success.

Vaughan Williams volunteered to serve in the Field Ambulance Service in Flanders for the 1914–1918 war, during which he was deeply affected by the carnage and the loss of close friends such as the composer George Butterworth.

Before the war he had met and then sustained a long and deep friendship with the composer Gustav Holst. For many years Vaughan Williams conducted and led the Leith Hill Music Festival, conducting Bach’s St Matthew Passion on a regular basis. He also became professor of composition at the Royal College of Music in London.

In his lifetime, Vaughan Williams eschewed all honours with the exception of the Order of Merit which was conferred upon him in 1938. He died in August 1958, his ashes are interred in Westminster Abbey, near Purcell.

In a long and productive life, music flowed from his creative pen in profusion. Hardly a musical genre was untouched or failed to be enriched by his work, which included nine symphonies, five operas, film music, ballet and stage music, several song cycles, church music and works for chorus and orchestra.

© Stephen Connock MBE
Vice President Ralph Vaughan Williams Society

Upcoming eventsSee more...

LondonBruckner’s Ninth

Vaughan Williams, Bruckner
London Philharmonic Orchestra; Robin Ticciati; Sir Simon Keenlyside

MálagaPrograma 06: Vaughan Williams & Elgar

Vaughan Williams, Elgar
Orquesta Filarmónica de Málaga; José María Moreno; Wenting Kang

LondonA Classical Christmas

Humperdinck, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Kaprálová, Waldteufel, Vaughan Williams
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Shiyeon Sung

Hong KongMcDull.A Sentimental Little Christmas

Anderson, Vivaldi, Vaughan Williams, Davis, Mussorgsky, Tormé, Gruber, Tchaikovsky, Bernard, Wagner
Hong Kong Sinfonietta; Wing-sie Yip; Brian Tse; Alice Mak; James Cuddeford; Unknown

OxfordKitty Whately & William Vann: The House of Life

Vaughan Williams, Maconchy, Dring, Williams, Clarke
Kitty Whately; William Vann
Latest reviewsSee more...

Vivid late autumn colours from Martyn Brabbins and the BBCSSO

The programme featured Sibelius's vividly terrifying Tapiola, alongside a gorgeous Four Last Songs with Elizabeth Llewellyn and Vaughan Williams's wistful Fifth Symphony.

****1
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A magnificent Sea Symphony from the Bach Choir

A memorable evening of superb music-making at the Royal Festival Hall, illuminating two well-known Vaughan Williams scores and shining a light on a seldom performed rarity.
*****
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Vaughan Williams at 150 with the City of Birmingham Choir

The City of Birmingham Choir and CBSO conducted by Adrian Lucas navigate the choppy waters of Vaughan Williams' A Sea Symphony.
***11
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Ensemble 360 celebrates Vaughan Williams’ 150th anniversary in style

A generous helping of the pastoral and an overlooked early masterpiece demonstrate the range of Vaughan Williams, along with a work by his mentor, Maurice Ravel.
****1
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Remarkable survey of 20th-century works by the Cincinnati Symphony

The Cincinnati Symphony thoughtfully illuminates a diverse cross-section of 20th-century repertoire with conductor Michael Francis and pianist Behzod Abduraimov.
****1
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